100 Levelling of the difference between present perfect and simple past: present perfect for StE simple past

A - feature is pervasive or obligatory4
B - feature is neither pervasive nor extremely rare14
C - feature exists, but is extremely rare16
D - attested absence of feature21
X - feature is not applicable (given the structural make-up of the variety/P/C)15
? - no information on feature is available7

Feature area:
Verb phrase I: tense and aspect
Typical example:
Some of us have been to New York years ago.
Example source:
Kortmann/Szmrecsanyi (2004)
Variety World Region Type Value
Id Primary text Variety Variety Type